First Published: 2017-04-18

Neocons Point Housebroken Trump at Iran
Now that the neocons have housebroken President Trump, they are ready for a resumption of their regime change agenda, with Iran next in their crosshairs, reports Jonathan Marshall.
Middle East Online

The Trump administrationsgrowing use of military forcein Syria, Iraq, and Yemen has neoconservative hawks rooting for armed confrontation with what they view as the root of all evil in the Middle East: Iran.

Iranian women attending a speech by Irans Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. (Iranian government photo)

Many of these armchair warriors recently cheered President Trumps decision to take on the Assad regime and Moscow by firing 59 Tomahawk cruise missile at a Syrian air base alleged to be the source of a chemical weapons attack. But they urged him to do more.

Weekly Standardeditor William Kristoltweeted, Punishing Assad for use of chemical weapons is good. Regime change in Iran is the prize.

Kristol co-founded the infamousProject on the New American Centuryin 1997 to promote American global hegemony and challenge regimes hostile to our interests and values. It began lobbying for the overthrow of Saddam Hussein as early as 1998, but alwayskept Iran in its sightsas well.

With Saddam dead and Syrias Assad stripped of much of his power, Iran is now at the center of neocon crosshairs. Kristol linked his recent tweet to aWashington Postcolumnby two stalwart advocates of ousting the mullahs in Tehran: Reuel Gerecht and Ray Takeyh.

Titled How Trump Can Help Cripple the Iranian Regime, their article called for putting the nuclear arms deal with Iran at risk in order to stoke the volcano under Tehran and to challenge the regime. The centerpiece of their bizarre argument was that the Iranian people would gratefully welcome the United States imposing crippling sanctions to destroy their economy in the name of human rights.

The authors were vague as to the details, but suggested that Irans ruling clerics would quickly succumb to a popular rebellion by Iranian dissidents, particularly if the United States sent more American troops [to] both Syria and Iraq to reinforce its message.

Gerecht, a died-in-the-wool neocon, was a former director of the Project for a New American Centurys Middle East Initiative. In 2001,he wrote, Only a war against Saddam Hussein will decisively restore the awe that protects American interests abroad and citizens at home.

In 2002, he furthertouteda U.S. invasion of Iraq as a way to provoke riots in Iran simultaneous uprisings in major cities that would simply be beyond the scope of regime-loyal specialized riot-control units. Instead, the subsequent U.S. invasion backfired by putting a pro-Iran regime into power in Baghdad.

Iran in the Crosshairs

Today Gerecht is a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, a neocon think tankdedicatedto waging war against militant Islam, with a focus on Iran.Heavily funded by gambling magnate Sheldon Adelson, the Foundation was originally created to promote the agenda of hardline Israeli hawks.

An Iranian child holding a photo of Irans Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei at one of his public appearances. (Iranian government photo)

The Foundation fought bitterly against the Iran nuclear deal, lest it open the door to a rapprochement between Washington and Tehran. Gerecht in particular demanded that the United States attack Iran rather than pursue diplomacy. Ive written about 25,000 words about bombing Iran, heboastedin 2010. Even my mom thinks Ive gone too far.

Gerechts side-kick, Ray Tayekh, is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and was (briefly) an Iran adviser to Dennis Ross in Hillary Clintons State Department. A fierce critic of the nuclear deal, Tayekh joined the Iran Task Force of the right-wingJewish Institute for National Security Affairs, which considers itself the most influential group on the issue of U.S.-Israel military relations. Tayekh hasadvocatedcovert support to Iranian dissidents, as well as to Kurdish, Baluch, Arab, and other opposition groups fighting the regime.

Regime change in Iran is the open goal of Prime Minister Netanyahu and other Israeli rightists. Thats why they consistently rejectedfindings by Israels intelligence communityabout the benefits to Israels security from the nuclear deal with Iran. By stoking opposition to the deal among their supporters in Congress, they aimed to kill any chance of cooperation between the United States and Iran.

Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Arkansas,said candidly, the goal of our policy must be clear: regime change in Iran.

Today the hardline Israeli/neocon agenda is still being pursued by hawks in Congress, who haveintroduced billsin both houses to ratchet up economic sanctions against Iran and designate a major branch of the countrys armed forces as a terrorist organization. If enacted against the wishes of other signatories to the Iran nuclear deal such measures could put the United States and Iran on a war footing.

Trumps Team of Hawks

President Trump is unlikely to stand in their way. Ignoring the role of major Arab states in supporting such terrorist groups as al-Qaeda and ISIS,Trump named Iranthe number one terrorist state andwarnedduring his campaign that if Iranian patrol boats in the Persian Gulf continue to make gestures that our people that they shouldnt be allowed to make, they will be shot out of the water.

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis welcomes Saudi Deputy Crown Prince and Defense Minister Mohammed bin Salman to the Pentagon, March 16, 2017. (DoD photo by Sgt. Amber I. Smith)

Trump has surrounded himself with anti-Iran hardliners who may be only too eager to give war a chance. His first national security adviser, retired Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn, co-authored a 2016 book withMichael Ledeen, a confidant of Israeli hawks and colleague of Gerecht at the Foundation for Defense of Democracy, on How We Can Win the Global War Against Radical Islam and Its Allies. Iran, of course, was their enemy number one.

Even with Flynns ouster, plenty of hawks remain. In recent congressional testimony, Army Gen. Joseph Votel, Commander of the U.S. Central Command, called Iran the greatest long-term threat to stability in the Middle East. Hedeclared, We need to look at opportunities where we can disrupt [Iran] through military means or other means their activities.

Defense Secretary General James Mattis told a conference at the conservative Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington last year, Iran is not a nation-state; its a revolutionary cause devoted to mayhem. TheNew York Timesreportedthat Mattis was so hawkish on Iran as head of United States Central Command from 2010 to 2013 that the Obama administration cut short his tour.

Mattisreportedlycame close to ordering an act of war against Iran in early February the boarding of an Iranian ship to look for weapons headed for Houthi rebels in Yemen. Such an incident could escalate rapidly out of control if Iran chose to retaliate against U.S. vessels in the Persian Gulf.

Alternatives to Conflict

The United States has better policy options than continuing to treat Iran as part of the Axis of Evil. Areportissued last fall by the National Iranian American Council recommended that Washington build on the success of the Iran nuclear deal by drawing Iran into regional peace settlements, deescalating our military presence in the Persian Gulf, and encouraging Iran and Saudi Arabia to resolve their differences without superpower intervention.

Irans President Hassan Rouhani celebrates the completion of an interim deal on Irans nuclear program on Nov. 24, 2013, by kissing the head of the daughter of an assassinated Iranian nuclear engineer. (Iranian government photo)

The report echoed the advice of a prominent neocon heretic, Zalmay Khalilzad, former U.S. ambassador to both Afghanistan and Iraq.

As someone who has negotiated with Iran over the years perhaps more than any other U.S. diplomat, heobservedlast year, I disagree with those who argue that talks with Iran are akin to capitulation. I have seen little evidence that isolation has or will alter Tehrans behavior in the right direction. Nor do I share the view that it is impossible to negotiate win-win deals with the Iranians.

Noting Irans cooperation with the United States against Al Qaeda after 9/11, and its help brokering political compromises in Afghanistan and Iraq until the Bush administration refused further engagement, Khalilzad wrote, Under the right conditions, which must include a hard-headed approach and tough actions to check Irans ambitions, Washington can benefit from bringing Iran into multilateral forums where the United States and its partners have the opportunity to narrow differences, create rules of the road and solve problems. Moreover, today we have little choice but to engage Iran on these broader issues, because no factor is shaping the order of the Middle East as much as the rivalry between Iran and its Sunni Arab neighbors.

If we do not undertake this work, he warned, the problems of the region extremism, terrorism and regional conflict will continue to bleed over into our part of the world, particularly if the Westphalian state system disintegrates even further into sectarian morass.

Jonathan Marshall is author of Neocons Want Regime Change in Iran, and Escalating the Anti-Iran Propaganda, for


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