BRUSSELS - The Iraqi government has given NATO the green light to stay in the country, Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said Thursday, weeks after Iraq demanded that foreign forces leave over the US killing of Iran’s top general at Baghdad airport.
“The government of Iraq has confirmed to us their desire for a continuation of the NATO training, advising and capacity building activities for the Iraqi armed forces,” Stoltenberg told reporters in Brussels during a meeting of allied defense ministers.
NATO defence ministers had agreed Wednesday to expand the alliance's training mission in Iraq, responding to US President Donald Trump's demand for more action from allies in the Middle East. The plan is for NATO, which runs a 500-strong mission to train Iraqi forces, to take on some personnel and training activities now run by the US-led multinational coalition against the Islamic State group.
But the details - how many troops will switch and what they will do - had yet to be worked out as the alliance waited for the Iraqi government's formal agreement.
"Today we have made the decision in principle. We will continue to work on the details and the numbers and exactly what kind of activities," Stoltenberg said. Asked why no agreement was reached Wednesday with the Iraqi government on green-lighting the move, Stoltenberg said only that “we are already in Iraq based on an invitation from Iraq and we will only stay as long as we are welcome.”
“Everything we do will be in close consultation and coordination with the Iraqi government,” he added.
Spain said it was ready to transfer troops currently working under the aegis of the coalition to the NATO mission, as Western powers seek to enable Iraq to prevent any resurgence of the feared jihadist group.
"We support moving a major part of the Spanish contingent to the NATO mission, while still continuing to work with the coalition," Spanish Defence Minister Margarita Robles said, insisting that any changes must have the backing of the Iraqi government.
Stoltenberg said the alliance wanted to "provide more support to Iraq, because it is extremely important that ISIS never returns.
"We have seen the brutality, have seen the horrendous violence they have been responsible for," he added.
Trump called on NATO to do more in the Middle East in January, days after a US drone strike against a top Iranian commander in Baghdad sparked a regional crisis.
The January 3 strike that killed Iranian General Qasem Soleimani sparked outrage in Baghdad and a vote by the Iraqi parliament to oust all foreign troops - including 5,200 US soldiers.
The anti-IS coalition halted its campaign for three weeks in response, and NATO stopped training activities while insisting it remained committed to helping Iraq.
Unlike the global coalition, NATO troops are not involved in combat operations in Iraq.
Despite Trump’s insistence that NATO do more in the Mideast, there is little appetite among European allies and Canada to deploy troops in the region beyond the training effort, even though the United States is by far the biggest and most influential of NATO's 29 member countries.
Some allies even believe the US missile strike in Baghdad has complicated the fight against Islamic State extremists.
British Defence Minister Ben Wallace said London was open to moving some of its troops to the NATO mission, which is seen as more palatable to Iraqi authorities because of its non-combat role and because it is not US-led.
On Friday, Stoltenberg will join a meeting of the global coalition - which has 11,000 troops across Iraq, Syria and Kuwait - on the sidelines of the Munich Security Conference, to discuss the planned reconfiguration.
While the NATO mission would do similar training activities to the anti-IS coalition, officials feel the alliance could make it more effective by bringing greater structure and coordination, owing to its experience of training forces in Afghanistan.
Beyond increasing the size of the mission by rebadging coalition personnel, ministers also looked at how NATO could expand its training activities.
This could involve extending geographically outside NATO's current three training zones or adding more training activities.
As a longer-term objective, NATO is looking to see what it could do elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa to improve stability and fight terrorism by training local forces.
"This is both about military activities, but also political support and cooperation with countries in the region," Stoltenberg said.